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Understanding PCOS: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

What Is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome? (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS is a common hormonal disorder that affects the ovaries. Women with PCOS have high levels of androgens, which are male hormones that can cause acne, facial hair growth and weight gain. They also have higher levels of LH and FSH, two hormones that signal the ovaries to release an egg during each menstrual cycle. This can lead to irregular periods or no period at all.

The exact cause of PCOS isn't known but researchers believe it may be due to a combination of genetics and environmental factors such as diet or stress levels

What Are the Signs & Symptoms of PCOS?

PCOS is a common condition that affects women of reproductive age. The signs and symptoms of PCOS are:

What Causes PCOS

While the cause of PCOS is not known, there are several factors that may contribute to it. These include genetics, insulin resistance and high levels of androgens (male hormones).

When you eat foods with carbohydrates, your pancreas releases insulin to help your body use glucose for energy. If you have PCOS, your body produces higher-than-normal levels of insulin in response to eating food or taking oral medications such as steroids or birth control pills. The increased amount of insulin causes your ovaries to produce extra male hormones called androgens which can lead to irregular menstrual periods or no periods at all.

In addition to these hormonal changes, researchers believe that women who develop PCOS may also have problems with their metabolism because they don't make enough thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism), which helps regulate metabolism through chemical reactions within cells throughout the body including those in our brains!

How Does PCOS Affect Your Body?

PCOS can cause irregular periods, infertility and excess hair growth.

How Can You Treat PCOS?

There are many ways to treat PCOS. Some treatments are lifestyle changes and others include medications or surgery. Here are some examples:

For Women Who Suffer From Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, There Are Many Treatment Options Available

If you have PCOS, there are many treatment options available to help manage the condition. Lifestyle changes can be made to improve symptoms and reduce the risk of long-term health consequences. These include weight loss, exercise, and diet adjustments. Medications may also be prescribed for some women with PCOS who do not respond to lifestyle interventions or experience significant bothersome symptoms (such as acne). The most common medications include:


If you or someone you know suffers from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), it is important to understand the condition and its treatment options. PCOS can lead to many different symptoms, including fertility issues, weight gain and loss, acne flare-ups, hair loss on the head or body.

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